Watergraafsmeer polder is a former lake, town and district of the municipality of Amsterdam in the Dutch province of North Holland. Since May 1, 2010 it is part of the Amsterdam Oost. For January 1, 1921 it was an independent municipality with about ten thousand inhabitants.
Watergraafsmeer consists largely of polder, formerly “Water Graft More” called (graft = canal). The Diemer- and Watergraafsmeer polder was created in 1629 after drainage of the Diemermeer that the connection formed between the Amstel and the Nieuwediep. On March 5, 1651, however, broke the dike between the Zuiderzee and the Nieuwediep, the Diemerzeedijk, and also broke the polder dike and flooded Watergraafsmeer (see below St. Peter’s Flood). The following year the polder was drained again. Watergraafsmeer is now among the lowest-lying parts of Amsterdam (about 5 meters -NAP).
built in the 17th and 18th centuries, many wealthy Amsterdammers estates in Watergraafsmeer, which only Frankendael remains. The main roads are Middenweg and Kruislaan dividing the polder into four almost equal parts. In the 20th century are also Gooiseweg and the East Ring Road (A10) built in the Watergraafsmeer.
In the Watergraafsmeer was the stadium De Meer of football club Ajax, which was in use until 1996. The most famous player of Ajax, Johan Cruijff, grew up in nearby Concrete Village, a neighborhood in Watergraafsmeer which, however, officially “Tuindorp Watergraafsmeer” hot. Also, the writing brothers Gerard Reve and Karel van het Reve grew up in Betondorp.